OAK TREES IN PALOS PARK
Palos Park community offers one of the most beautiful and pastoral
settings in all of the Chicago land area. Hundreds of different species
of native trees such as Elms, Pines, Maples, and Ashes are common
fixtures in our natural environment. One of the most widely found and
most recognizable trees in our Palos Park community is the mighty Oak
tree. The Oak tree can even be found in the Village’s official seal.
There are more than eight different types of Oak trees in the Palos Park
area; here are a few of the most common:
The standard by which all other oaks are measured. The dark green,
almost blue-green leaves often turn a russet-red in the fall. Acorns
are 1 inch long with 1/4 covered by the bumpy scale cap. The White Oak
grows best in deep, moist, acidic, well drained soils. It is a
difficult tree to transplant and must be moved as a small tree, ideally
less than 2 inches caliper, for best success. This oak grows 50 to 80
feet tall, normally producing acorns after 40 years of age.
One of the largest growing oak trees in our area usually reaching 70 to
80 feet tall. The large (up to 10 to 12 inches long), dark green leaves
turn yellow in the fall. Bur oaks are difficult to transplant. There is
a higher probability of successfully transplanting young balled or
burlapped container-grown plants. The Bur Oak is adaptable to many
different types of soils.
Most common planted shade and street tree and most successfully
transplanted of all oaks. The lustrous dark green leaves turn
russet-red to red in the fall. Pin Oak requires acidic soils for best
performance. Lower branches hang down and must be pruned to avoid
pedestrian collisions. It grows 60 to 70 feet tall.
The Chinquapin Oak is another very difficult tree to transplant. Better
results are seen if young seedlings are used. The elongated dark green
leaves turn yellow to orangish yellow in the fall. This oak prefers
dry, limestone-based soils as well as rich bottomlands. This tree is
one of the faster growing oaks, growing at 2- to as much as 4- feet per
year. The Chinquapin is perfect for open areas or as a shade tree in a
large residential yard. This oak usually reaches 40 to 50 ft tall in
The Red Oak is the most shade tolerant of all the oaks, making it a good
choice to grow under existing trees. This oak only needs a few hours of
sun per day. The Red Oak grows better in acidic, well-drained soils.
The fall color is an eye-catching bright red. Although this tree is
susceptible to Oak Wilt disease, the Red Oak can live over 125 years.
*Information in this article was gathered from the following sources:
Conner Shaw, Possibility Place Nursery Micheal
A. Dirr, Dirr’s Trees and Schrubs